Barger Awarded Antarctica Medal for 1956-57 Mission as CAP Cadet
Dr. Robert N. Barger III, 82, was awarded the Antarctica Service Medal on May 15 for his service as the official Civil Air Patrol participant in the U.S. Navy’s Operation Deep Freeze II nearly 6½ decades ago.
Barger, a retired professor at the University of Notre Dame, participated as a teenager in a yearlong U.S. Navy-led operation in Antarctica and the South Pole that would prepare a series of bases for the International Geophysical Year.
“On behalf of the U.S. Air Force and Civil Air Patrol, it gives me great pleasure to present the long-overdue Antarctica Service Medal to Dr. Robert N. Barger III,” said Brig. Gen. Ed Phelka, CAP’s national vice commander, during a brief ceremony at Barger’s retirement home in South Bend, Indiana.
“Dr. Barger was a true CAP pioneer,” Phelka said. “Our knowledge of the continent [was limited at the time], and he was part of the first U.S. Air Force expedition to go there. To be chosen from 50,000 cadets to be ‘the one’ is a mighty achievement unto itself, but then to be entrusted with an array of responsibilities on the other side of the world?
"Unprecedented for CAP.”
Barger, through his wife, Jo, thanked Phelka for his presentation. Upon receiving the medal, he provided a formal CAP salute.
Barger was a 17-year-old CAP cadet major from Peoria, Illinois, who had just returned from Denmark as part of the International Air Cadet Exchange when he was selected by the Air Force for the Antarctic expedition. He served as a working member of the 80-member team from the 18th Air Force operating Douglas C-124 Globemaster II transport aircraft to supply the polar operations in conjunction with the Navy and the scientific community.
Beginning in October 1956, Barger’s journey to the bottom of the world took him from Peoria to Donaldson Air Force Base, South Carolina; Travis AFB, California; Hickam AFB, Hawaii; Canton Island, Fiji; Melbourne, Australia; Christchurch, New Zealand; and finally to McMurdo Sound in Antarctic
Barger managed a series of firsts as part of the expedition — a crewmember of the first Air Force aircraft to fly over the South Pole; the first teenager to fly over the South Pole; the first person to celebrate an 18th birthday in Antarctica; and the first Catholic to serve as an altar boy in Antarctica.
Congress established the Antarctica Service Medal on July 7, 1960. It was intended as a military award to replace several commemorative awards issued for previous Antarctica expeditions. It is considered an award of the U.S. Armed Forces, issued in the name of the Department of Defense.
The medal may also be awarded to U.S. civilians and citizens of foreign nations who participate in a U.S. Antarctic expedition on the continent at the invitation of a participating U.S. agency.
To qualify for the Antarctica Service Medal, personnel must train or serve 10 days stationed on Antarctica or aboard vessels in Antarctic waters. “With his months of service on the Antarctic ice and the air above our southernmost continent, Dr. Barger more than qualifies,” Phelka said.
Upon his return to the U.S. in February 1957, Barger kept a daily journal of his activities and brought along his camera.
Earlier this year — after a long academic career in which he earned a doctorate degree in the history of education and taught for almost 40 years in such fields as computer ethics and applications, moral theology and education before retiring from Notre Dame — Barger donated his journal, photographs and several artifacts from his cadet Antarctica adventure to the Col. Louisa S. Morse Center for CAP History.
Edited excerpts of Barger’s journal, paired with some of his photos, are featured in the Spring issue of Civil Air Patrol Volunteer magazine,
Photos by Lt. Col. Robert Bowden, CAP National Photographer